Smyrna and environs; the Sephardic History
Arrival to Izmir. Transfer to the hotel.
Discovery of Jewish heritage begins with cortijo where Sephardic families lived. Continue with the house Sabbatia Zevi was born in Smyrna (Izmir) in a wealthy family of Andalusian origin. He was a student of Joseph Eskapha, the chief rabbi of Izmir from which he received a Bible education, Talmudic and cabalistic. At 18, he was already considered a great Kabbalist, the owners will recognize as Chacham (wise).
Continue with the street known as Havra; who is in the Jewish Quarters which belong to the project of Smyrna. Visit Synagogues: The Synagogue of the Portuguese; The Seat of Rabin; The Synagogue of Beith Hilal; The Synagogue of Etz ha – Haim, the Synagogue of Algazi, the Synagogue of Hevra, the Synagogue of Signora; the Synagogue of Los Foresteros known as “Orahim”, synagogues of Shalom, and the synagogue of Bikur.
The Portuguese Synagogue, built by Jewish immigrants from Portugal after the Inquisition in Portugal. This synagogue with a marble portal decorated with marble columns was the heart of events led by Sabbatai Zevi. Continue with synagogues Synagogue Beith Hilal which was built by the family and Pallaci Synagogue Etz Ha-Haim of representing the tree of life; Algazi The Synagogue is the most beautiful among these buildings built in 1724. Visit the oldest synagogues Algazi and the most beautiful building from the synagogues of Havra street. Visit the SENIORA Synagogue, Shalom synagogue and Bikur Holim. Lunch on the Havra street and free time in Kemeraltı.
At the end of the afternoon meeting with the director of Izmir project on behalf of the Association of Smyrna Sephardics : Mr. Nesim Bencoya. Back to the hotel for dinner and overnight.
Visit Sardis, which was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Lydia, one of the most important cities of the Persian Empire, the seat of a proconsul under the Roman Empire, and the metropolis of province Lydia in late Roman and Byzantine. Since 1958, both Harvard and Cornell have sponsored annual archeological expeditions to Sardis. These excavations have unearthed perhaps the most impressive synagogue in the western diaspora yet discovered from antiquity, yielding over eighty Greek and seven Hebrew inscriptions as well as numerous mosaic floors. The synagogue was part of a large bath-gymnasium complex, which was used for about 450 to 500 years. At the beginning, in the middle of the second century AD, the rooms of synagogue are used as locker rooms or restrooms. The complex was destroyed in 616 AD by the Sassanian-Persian. Lunch and return to Izmir to visit the elevator built by Nesim Levi in the old Jewish district said Karatas. Visit district of Dario Moreno. Dario Moreno: His true name was David Arugete. He was placed at the Sephardic orphanage of Izmir and remained there until he had four years. He began to sing in the feasts of bar Mitzva, as a secondary activity. In the early twenties, he had already become a singer well known in Izmir, and especially among the Jewish community. During his military service in the Turkish army, he worked as a singer in the officers' quarters in different garrisons and became more focused on the music. His first musical performance of professional quality started in his hometown just after his release, thanks to the established connections while under the arms. Since he started making money through music, he moved to affluent Jewish quarter of Karatas in a house in a street leading to the historic building Asansör, one of the landmarks of the city (which means literally "lift" people who take a real lift to go to the top of the quarter, this part being separated by the Strait of coastline with a steep slope). This street is named Dario Moreno Sokagi (Dario Moreno Street) today in his memory. Back at the hotel, for dinner and overnight.
Transfer to the airport for the return flight.